Vishal started playing competitive chess relatively late at the age of nine, but he progressed quickly through the ranks with the help of multiple instructors and recently received the title of National Master. Now, he is in his senior year at Rock Ridge High School and the Academy of Science and is part of the RRHS chess team. Currently, his goal is to win a national-level chess tournament outright, having won a co-championship already.
Hi everyone! This post will be different from most of my others. I’m not exactly going over any games. Frankly, the title probably tells you enough.
In contrast to the other three original Chess^Summit authors, I’m only now able to say this: I’m officially done with high school! Starting next fall, I’ll be attending the Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta, GA, USA.
My plans in terms of writing for Chess^Summit will not change – I still plan on writing articles for the Chess^Summit community. The biggest difference will probably be in terms of over-the-board play. In all honesty, I don’t know how much I’ll be able to play because of college work, but once I find tournaments in the local Atlanta area, I plan on playing when possible.
I also hope to get to know some chess players in the Atlanta area. So, if any of you guys live in the area and want to get into contact with me, you can email me at vishalkobla AT gmail. I also hope to do some group or private lessons in the Atlanta area, so if you’re interested in that, then please email as well.
But, that is that! Thanks for reading and I’ll see you next time!
The great Frank Marshall once said that “winning a won game is one of the hardest things in chess.” It may seem counterintuitive at first, but many examples, both of our own and of the top chess players, show that players can struggle with it. Additionally, this point is more applicable to situations where one player is up a pawn, up a piece for a couple pawns, or even just positionally superior but with equal material. In each case, the engine may say one thing (“player A is totally winning!”), but on the board, it may be a very different story (“I know I’m better, but how do I continue?!”).
Luckily for us, the 2019 Gashimov Memorial in Shamkir, Azerbaijan, is currently ongoing so we can try to scour the games played thus far for examples of players converting winning positions when it may not be straightforward.
When it comes to conversions in the endgame, who better to study than Magnus Carlsen? This first game involves a conversion of an endgame in which Carlsen was up an exchange for a pawn against David Navara in the third round. To fully examine Carlsen’s technique, we will start right after the queens were traded. For your convenience, the game and analysis are provided in the game viewer below.
In this game, we saw Carlsen identify a target (the h2-pawn) in the endgame and focus on accomplishing a goal related to that target, which was to capture the h2-pawn. Carlsen also made sure that White’s queenside pawns wouldn’t pose a threat by separating them from each other and then picking them off. Lastly, we saw Carlsen wait for the opportune time to force a trade of rooks that would benefit him immensely, especially in terms of pushing his own h-pawn down the board. The end result was a classic Carlsen-esque conversion of an endgame in which he was better.
The second game we’ll look at today was between Alexander Grischuk and Veselin Topalov. While this game didn’t go into an endgame, it was very much about converting a position with an advantage. In this game, Grischuk managed to trade both of his knights for Topalov’s bishops, and in an open position, it was clear that the bishops were superior. It was just a matter of transforming that advantage into something tangible. Once again, the game and analysis are provided in the game viewer below for your convenience.
As we saw in the game, there were a couple different goals that Grischuk likely had in his pursuit of a win in this superior position. First, Grischuk wanted to poke holes in Black’s position with his queen and bishops and create weaknesses. Once he was able to do that, Grischuk wanted to maneuver his pieces into a position where he would be able to target two weaknesses at once, forcing a further concession by Black that would leave the position very open for his bishops. Lastly, with the open position, Grischuk would hope to use a combination of pins and cutting off squares to win material and eventually the game. Meanwhile, during this entire process, Grischuk had to hide his king away in order to not fall into a perpetual check, which Topalov did threaten a couple times.
In both of these games, we saw established grandmasters plan out and then convert a position in which they were superior. While there may have been a few missteps (such as in the Grischuk-Topalov game), the players were conscious enough of their goals to right the ship and continue pressing. Overall, we were able to see just some of the ideas that grandmasters use to try to convert positions.
In other news, Chess^Summit’s very own Jennifer Yu won the U.S. Women’s Championship last week, so on behalf of the entire Chess^Summit community, I want to congratulate her on the amazing feat!
Next time, I’ll share some of my attempts (both successes and failures) to convert superior positions.
Hi everyone! Apologies for a bit of an extended absence, the last weeks have been very busy for me (in a good way). Three weekends ago, I played in a tournament up in Maryland as a warm-up for the VA State Scholastic Tournament two weekends ago. Then, last weekend, I traveled to Schaumburg, Illinois – slightly west of Chicago, IL – to play in the K-12 High School National Championships. Overall, there were many ups and downs, and probably more downs than ups all said and done. Today, I want to share some sequences in a few of the games I’ve played recently that will hopefully provide some instruction for all of you.
We start with a big of a tragicomedy from the recent Nationals tournament. In this game, I played White against Nikhil Kumar, a young 2370 rated player that I’ve played once before – however, in that game, I was Black, so this was new territory. I was out of book early in the opening, but it went well despite no prior knowledge. I eventually reached a superior position with a crucial decision ahead of me in terms of how to defend a piece.
I don’t want to let my d-pawn recapture on e6 if Black trades, so I wanted to defend my knight – the question was, how? The two moves I came down to were either Re1 or Nfd4. Each move has its benefits. Re1 brings the rook into the game on the open file and threatens to penetrate deep in Black’s territory. Nfd4 would ensure that a knight recaptures on e6, thus keeping control over a lot of squares that Black’s rook wants to go to, especially d8, and it would also avoid losing a tempo if Black tries to push g5-g4-g3 and attack on f2. In the end, I believed that the pros of Nfd4 outweighed those of Re1 as I was especially worried about f2. However, that ended up being the worse choice (although both were still advantageous). According to the silicon engine, the best line was 21. Re1 g4 22. Nh4! g3 23. Kf1 and the evaluation is more than +2. White can sidestep any fork threats and allow Black to capture on f2 while the rook and knight(s) feast on Black’s weakened kingside. I missed the idea of Nh4, attacking f5 while preserving pawn structure integrity; instead, I only saw Nfd4 after g4, which would protect the f2 pawn at the cost of running into doubled pawns after the bishop captures on d4, but even this was apparently not that bad. After all that, in the game, I managed to miss 21. … Nxe6 22. Nxe6 c6, after which I had to give up the advantage with 23. dxc6.
Later in the game, after much simplification and time scramble, I arrived at this position in the endgame with it being my turn.
Black just played 36. … a5. It’s a clear draw after 37. gxf5, which keeps Black’s king near the kingside and I can just maintain opposition. However, I managed to confuse a few different lines I had calculated and played 37. a4, which completely loses. Granted, I had 6 seconds on the clock, but this was still going to be relatively simple to hold, as long as I played 37. gxf5. After 37. a4, the win for Black is easy after 37. … f4, gaining opposition and putting me in zugzwang. The game went 38. Kc3 Kc5 39. Kb3 Kd4 40. Kb2 Kd3 before I resigned. I was definitely upset with myself after the game, but alas, life goes on. In any case, the lesson to be learned is endgames, endgames, endgames! I know for sure I will be trying to get back into studying endgames after this comedy of errors. I know I’ve mentioned this before, but for those of you that are interested, I highly recommend Mark Dvoretsky’s Endgame Manual.
Another game of note occurred at the state tournament during the previous weekend. Once again, I was White, but this time playing a lower rated around 1920. After Black went out of book a few moves prior, we reached this position:
I just played 19. Nf4 to threaten Nxd7 followed by capturing on e6 to win a pawn. At this point, Black played the tricky 19. … Ng4 with the idea that, if I take the knight on g4, Black will capture my knight on f4, and all I achieve is trading a pair of pieces. However, I had seen this idea before playing Nf4, and I blitzed out 20. Qh3, to which he responded with the best (albeit ugly) move 20. … Nh6. The critical move is 20. … Rxf4, after which I calculated the following lines: 21. Qxh7+ Kf8 22. Qh8+ Ke7 23. Qxg7+ Kd8 (23… Ke8 24. Qg6+ Kf8 (24… Ke7 25. Qg5+ Rf6 26. f4 with Nxg4 coming next) 25. Nxg4) 24. Qg5+ Qe7 25. Qxf4 and, in the end, I’m up an exchange.
A few moves later, we arrived at this crucial position after 24. … Qe7:
There were several ways to progress, and I ended up choosing a move that was not objectively best, but it gave me a comfortable position I could play easily. As a lesson, don’t always get caught up trying to find the absolute best move in a position. While it usually helps, sometimes, the time spent on such efforts isn’t worth it. In this position, I knew my position was better due to superior piece positioning, so I went for a simple variation – 25. Bxf5 exf5 26. Qf3 – that simplifies the position a bit and realizes the advantage of the two knights with many holes in Black’s camp. I also saw the possibility of 25. Nxd7 Qxd7 26. Rxe6 Qxe6 27. Bxf5 Qf7, but as I was somewhat low on time, I didn’t want to risk losing too much time over trying to win a single pawn. This approach of playing a comfortable move quickly ended up paying off as a few moves later my opponent blundered an exchange and the conversion was fairly easy.
Overall, as I did mention, my performance in these tournaments was less than ideal, but it just motivates me to work harder for next time. Finally getting back to playing as also helped, and I hope that being more in touch will help me in the near future. In other news, my last college decisions come out in less than a week, so I may have a better idea about where I might be going, and I might update you guys on that news next time. As for now, good luck in your games, and, as always, thanks for reading!
The annual Tata Steel Masters chess tournament, held at Wijk aan Zee ended a few days ago, and GM Magnus Carlsen edged out GM Anish Giri by half a point to win the 14-player single round robin. It was fitting that the two players with the highest score could battle it out in the last round. Giri, with the white pieces, could have caught Carlsen at the top of the tournament standings had he won their head-to-head matchup. Alas, Carlsen held a draw, which confirmed that he would win the tournament. Congratulations to him.
However, the biggest takeaway from the tournament didn’t have anything to do with Carlsen, or even any of the contenders, for that matter. After the tournament, longtime grandmaster and former world champion Vladimir Kramnik announced his plan to retire from classical chess. It’s worth noting that he specified he would only be stepping away from classical time controls, as he added he might return for rapid, blitz, or simultaneous events in the future. He also mentioned he plans to continue scholastic instruction, such as through camps.
Even if Kramnik’s play wasn’t as strong near the end of the career, the announcement is still significant in the chess world as he is still one of the most iconic players of the late 20th and early 21st centuries.
Born in 1975, he first made waves when he joined the Russian team at the World Chess Olympiad in 1992. Three years later, he served as a second for Kasparov, who played and won against Viswanathan Anand in the World Championship match in 1995. One year later, in 1996, Kramnik briefly usurped Kasparov as the #1 player in the world based on a tiebreak rule, despite both players having the same rating. At the time, Kramnik broke the record for being the youngest player to reach #1 in the world (Carlsen would break that record 14 years later in 2010). In 2000, Kramnik bested Kasparov to win the World Championship, essaying the now-infamous Berlin Defense on multiple occasions as Black to stymie Kasparov while securing a couple crucial wins as White. He kept his title as World Champion until 2007, when he was beaten by Anand. Still, Kramnik maintained top-level play. He continued to win several tournaments, and he notably won the Chess World Cup in 2013. In 2016, he reached his peak rating of 2817 and climbed up to the #2 rank behind Carlsen.
By playing such a long and illustrious career, Kramnik accrued numerous notable games. Thus, in order to appreciate just how well he played some games, I’ve provided a few below for your ultimate enjoyment.
The above four games are just some of Kramnik’s lengthy list of “good” games, with the most recent occurring just this past year at the 2018 edition of the Candidates tournament. In each of these games, Kramnik either had a menacing attack or outdueled his opponent positionally (or a combination of both) to secure the victory in convincing fashion. The amazing thing is that each of these games is from a different period of his career – the first, being before his working with Kasparov; the second, after working as Kasparov’s second and near the time he overtook him as World #1; the third, during his tenure as World Champion; and fourth, much later in his career. It goes to show how Kramnik was able to keep playing at a high level for such a long time, and it’s an admirable quality that I’m sure a lot of chess players strive for, me included.
Overall, Kramnik has had an incredibly successful career, so it doesn’t come as very much of a surprise that he decided to step away at this point. It’ll be nice to see him coming back occasionally for tournaments with shorter time controls, like a few legs of the 2019 edition of the Grand Chess Tour.
Even though Kramnik will (probably) never see this, I wish him luck in his future endeavors and hope he can continue changing the chess world for years to come!
Hi everyone! For everyone living in the Midwest region and East Coast of the United States, it’s recently been a winter wonderland. I hope everyone is enjoying the snow as much as I am! If not, well, you’ll probably have to get used to it, because the latter part of this winter seems to show promise for lots of additional snow!
However, this is isn’t a meteorology report, so let’s get to the chess! Admittedly, I haven’t been very active in the chess-playing world over the last six or so months due to all of the college applications, but with that process finally winding down, I recently had the chance to get back to the board. This past Friday, I played in a DC Chess League match against someone I had never played before. I was somewhat relieved about that part because it meant the game would just come down to who the better player was and didn’t rest on opening preparation.
I’ve attached the game with comments and analysis below in the game viewer for your convenience:
Vogler – Kobla, DCCL, 2019
What a ride! There were times when I was a bit rusty and missed some better moves, but overall, I’m more than satisfied with the game I played. Any time you can win as Black against a player of similar strength, I’d call it a success. From the start, I was satisfied with how I was able to plant my knight on e5, which could simultaneously control a lot of key squares and blockade White’s isolated pawn. Once I could get in d5, I was confident in my ability to at least hold a draw, but my opponent’s blunder was certainly a game changer. At that point, it was just a matter of closing out the game. White still had pressure while my king was out in the open, but after I could tuck my king away in the corner, my pieces could be more mobile. The last chance for my opponent slipped away when he took the a6 pawn with his queen, after which I could bring down the hammer with Qg5 and unleashing an attack on his king. With his queen unable to defend, my major pieces and extra knight overpowered whatever defense he could muster.
Overall, I’m happy with how I played. Next week, I’m playing in the Chesapeake Open, so I’m hoping that I can continue the success I found in this game. However, I’m also hoping to prepare more for this tournament, as I’ll be playing in the Open section.
In other news, the Tata Steel Masters tournament started recently, with most of the top players in the world participating. It’s worth noting that Caruana is not participating, likely resting after all the work put in near the end of last year for the World Championship match.
Good luck in your future games, and always, thanks for reading!
After more than holding his own during the classical portion of the World Championship match against Carlsen, Caruana suffered a beatdown in the rapid tiebreaks. He lost three in a row, thereby allowing Carlsen to secure the World Champion title yet again. Going into the match, many people believed that if Caruana was to win the match, he’d have to do it in the classical portion as he’s never been one of the top players in rapid and blitz time controls. This was proven when Carlsen, one of the best rapid and blitz players in the world, convincingly beat Caruana.
However, other than the title of World Champion, the main focus of the match was on the classical ratings of Carlsen and Caruana. Prior to the match, only three points separated the two – Carlsen was at 2835.0 and Caruana was 2832.0. But, after drawing all twelve games of the classical section, neither player’s rating changed. Caruana had the chance to change that narrative at the London Chess Classic, the tiebreaker tournament for the Grand Chess Tour between Caruana, Nakamura, Aronian, and MVL. Yet, through his first three classical games – two against Nakamura and one against Aronian – he’s drawn all of them, actually losing 3.3 points according to 2700chess.com. Meanwhile, he’s continued to struggle in rapid and blitz games, going 0.5/2 in rapid games and 1/4 in blitz games.
More likely than not, Caruana is frustrated with his recent performance in quicker time controls, so we’ll have to see how he fares the rest of this tournament. He still has two more rapid and four more blitz games to potentially right the ship. But, Caruana only has one more classical game left in this tournament in Aronian, and even if he wins, he’ll still be a couple points short of Carlsen’s mark. This means that we’ll have to wait until at least the next major tournament, likely the Tata Steel Masters in late January of 2019, for more action on that rating front. Until then, Carlsen remains at the top of the rating lists.
With six out of twelve classical games in the books, Carlsen and Caruana remain tied at three points apiece. Each game thus far has been a draw, but that doesn’t mean that the games haven’t been engaging. In fact, the first and sixth games have probably had the most action, but as promised, I will take a look at each of the six games and attempt to pull the most important learning points from each. So, without further ado, let’s get to it.
This game started out in a Rossolimo where Carlsen, as Black, tried to take control of the dark squares in typical Sicilian fashion. Not to be outdone this early, Caruana tried to break through the f-file and doubled his rooks early in an attempt to agitate Black’s uncastled king. Carlsen, however, simply castled queenside, and suddenly it was Black who had a solid and attacking position. Carlsen sacrificed a pawn to open the g-file against White’s king, but Caruana held his own until move 34 when Carlsen faltered with 34. … h5 instead of the much stronger 35. … Qe5!, which also served to set up a crushing 36 … Rg3. Even then, Carlsen still had a significant advantage until the time control move, when he played 40. … Bxc3 and lost most of the advantage. Despite Black still being objectively slightly better, Caruana was able to hold the ensuing endgame. The lesson to be learned from this game is to always keep an eye on all parts of the board – it was something Carlsen forgot about on the crucial 34th move, where he was likely too fixated on the kingside and missed that infiltrating with the Queen through e5-c3-b2 and setting up a crushing Rg3 was basically game over with all of White’s pieces on the right half of the board.
This game started out in a Queen’s Gambit Declined, but the moment of truth came much earlier. For his 10th move, Caruana blitzed out the novelty 10. … Rd8 as opposed to the known moves 10. … Re8 (see Korchnoi 1-0 Karpov, 1978) and 10. … Be7. As evidenced by Carlsen’s answer to a reporter asking what he thought of the move – “Oh, [expletive], mainly” – he was clearly taken aback and settled into a long think. At this point, he had the option of grabbing the bull by the horns and playing 11. Nd2, but knowing that this would likely take him straight into Caruana’s preparation, he avoided the line and played the “tamer” 11. Be2. The only other critical point after this move was on move 17 when Carlsen had the chance to try the intriguing 17. Nxf7!?, but once again, he settled for the less-aggressive route with 17. Bf3 and the game soon fizzled out into a drawn endgame where White’s doubled f-pawns actually made the 4v3 defense easier. This game showed us the importance of opening preparation, as it only took ten moves to reach a crossroads for Magnus, and after that point, it was Caruana in the driver’s seat.
Just like in Game 1, Caruana opted for a Rossolimo to counter Carlsen’s Sicilian, but instead of following the horrific path the first game went down, Caruana played 6. 0-0. A couple moves later, Carlsen confidently offered a pawn sacrifice with 9. 0-0 after only 35 seconds of thought, but Caruana kept the status quo with 10. Nbd2. The first critical point came on move 15 when Caruana rather hastily played 15. Bd2, allowing Carlsen to continue contesting the open a-file with 15. … Raa8!. Rather, had Caruana played 15. Rxa5 Qxa5 16. Bd2Qc7 17. Qa1!, he would have firmly been in the driver’s seat with avenues for pressure along the open a-file and the fixated Black e5 pawn. Instead, the game turned to an endgame where Caruana was slightly worse, but the game once again fizzled into a draw. Twice already, Caruana’s attempt to win as White didn’t go as planned, and it was interesting to note at the time that each of the three games ended with the player playing Black pressing for the potential win.
In a game where Carlsen opened with the English, the most interesting aspect was arguably not related to the game at all. To be fair, the only somewhat-critical point was on the 15th move, when Carlsen had the opportunity to break with 15. b5, but after settling for the less-exciting 15. Re1, the game turned into a relatively-quick draw in only 34 moves, shorter than any of the games up until this point. However, as previously mentioned, the most intriguing part of the round was related to some off-the-board drama. A promo video for Caruana was posted by the St. Louis Chess Club, but it was taken down soon after it revealed a brief shot of Caruana’s ChessBase files which seemed to show quite a few opening ideas and analyzed games. Some keen viewers on Twitter wondered if the video was uploaded as a distraction attempt to goad Carlsen into going down an irrelevant rabbit hole, but whether this is the case is unknown. When asked about the video in the postgame conference, Carlsen mentioned he’d take a look at the video, which evidently seemed to make Caruana uncomfortable. Anyway, on to Game 5…
The game once again played into a Rossolimo, but Caruana stuck to the pattern of deviating first by playing 4. 0-0 instead of 4. Bxc6 and then plunging forward with 6. b4, an aggressive-looking gambit. Despite from longer thinks from Carlsen, however, it seemed like he knew what he was doing. After 11. … Ne7, the players reached the first critical position, where Caruana eschewed theory (12. cxd6 Qxd6 13. d4) and gambled with the forcing 12. Qe2, but Carlsen found the only move with 12. … b4. A few moves later, with the queens off, Black was in a comfortable position, while Caruana seemed a bit annoyed with his position during a 30+ minute think on move 19. After precise play from both sides, the game ended as a draw on move 34 once again. The most noteworthy point from this game was Fabiano’s early aggressiveness; evidently, he was trying to play for a win from the start, but Carlsen’s knowledge of the sideline helped him to a draw. Meanwhile, Carlsen’s “refutation” of the opening gave him a solid chance of pushing for a win, but once again, he let the opportunity slip.
In the first game that Carlsen opted for 1. e4, he was met with the Petroff from Caruana, which has garnered quite the attention this year. Indeed, Caruana has revitalized the Petroff as Black after essaying the opening in several tournaments so far. On top of that, Caruana has destroyed the notion that Black plays the Petroff in order to draw, as he has had major success with the opening, including two wins against Vladimir Kramnik and Alexander Grischuk in the Candidates Tournament back in March. As for this game, the players sidestepped several variations that had been played before and quickly ventured into new territory that was visually fascinating as much as it was vexing. Specifically, after 7. … Nd4, the players traded queens with a sequence that looks like it could have appeared on a board in a scholastic tournament: 8. Nxe7 Nxe2 9. Nd5 Nd4. Then followed even more “dance” moves by the knights, and it’s interesting to note that by the 10th move, ten knight moves in a row had already been played.
However, despite the peculiar and exciting opening, the reality was that the ensuing position was rather dull until Caruana broke with 21. … c5!. Following some shaky play from Magnus, Caruana found himself with a slight advantage. Just after time control, Caruana had put Carlsen in a bit of a bind, and seeing no alternatives, Carlsen went for a piece sacrifice for three pawns with 43. Bf3!? in order to mitigate Black’s imminent threat of pushing the d-pawn and delivering a discovered check. A miscalculation meant that Carlsen would only net two pawns for the piece since he seemed to have missed Caruana’s idea with 48. … Ba3 and picking off a queenside pawn with an eventual Nc3. However, as expected, Carlsen put up a tough resistance, and he found a nice resource on move 58 with 58. a5!?, which sacrificed the lone queenside pawn, distracting Black’s pieces just enough to allow White to set up what looked to be a fortress after 64. h5. After 67. Kg6, the engines seemed to momentarily call a forced mate-in-36, but with only ten minutes on Caruana’s clock, it was probably impossible from a human standpoint for him to find it. Indeed, Caruana didn’t see the mating line, and while he could have arguably made Carlsen suffer more, Caruana went for a draw soon after.
Overall, despite the scoreboard showing six draws, the gameplay has been more than exciting, with each player coming very close to losing at some point – Caruana in the first game, and Carlsen in the sixth. An interesting theme we’ve seen so far is that Black has had most of the pressing chances, which is ironic considering most high-level players outwardly prefer White. This is especially true of Caruana, who, in three chances as White, has been stymied quite badly. Going forward, we should see Caruana experimenting with lines other than the Rossolimo variation of the Sicilian. Additionally, since Carlsen is significantly stronger in the tiebreak formats of rapid and blitz, we should continue to see aggressive openings from Caruana, which should make the games rather fun. We can also expect to see Caruana continuing to respond to 1. e4 from Magnus with the Petroff, which has served the challenger well. It’ll be interesting to see which player draws first blood, since, at this point, it may determine the entire match. But, of course, only time will tell.
The timing of my schedule lines up well with this match, so I’ll be able to provide an analysis of the second half of match next time. As always, thanks for reading, and I’ll see you next time!